Sep 202012
 

อัญชันหลายคนคงเคยเห็น แบบที่ขึ้นเองตามข้างถนนบ้าง หรือปลูกบ้างก็มี ใครจะรู้ว่าสีม่วงสดใสของอัญชันจะแฝงด้วยคุณค่าหลายอย่างอัญชัน สมุนไพรไทย

ชื่อวิทยาศาสตร์ Clitore ternatea Linn. วงศ์ Papilionaceae

ชื่ออังกฤษ Butterfly pea, Blue pea, Asian pigeon-wings

ชื่อท้องถิ่น แดงชัน เอื้องชัน

ลักษณะทางพฤกษศาสตร์

อัญชันเป็นไม้เลื้อยซึ่งปลูกเป็นไม้ประดับรั้วหรือซุ้มทั่ว ๆ ไป ลำต้น มีขนนุ่ม ใบ เป็นช่อ มีใบย่อยรูปไข่ 5-7 ใบ อัญชันมีอยู่ด้วยกัน 2 ชนิด คือ ชนิดดอกขาว และชนิดดอกสีน้ำเงิน (ขาบ) แต่ละชนิดมีทั้งดอกเป็นชั้นเดียวและดอกซ้อน ชนิดพันธุ์ทางมีดอกสีม่วงเกิดจากการผสมระหว่างดอกสีขาวและสีน้ำเงิน

การใช้ในเครื่องสำอางและสรรพคุณทางยา

ผมดกดำ นุ่มสลวย

ดอกอัญชันใช้ทำแชมพูสระผม ช่วยให้ผมดกดำ นุ่มสลวย

แต่งสีอาหาร

ดอกอัญชันสีน้ำเงินใช้แต่งสีอาหารได้ ใช้เป็นสีผสมอาหารในขนหลายชนิด เพื่อนให้ขนมนั้น ๆ มีสีน้ำเงิน สีฟ้า สีม่วง เช่น ขนมช่อม่วง ขนมเรไร ขนมขี้หนู ขนมน้ำดอกไม้ วิธีสกัดสีจากดอกอัญชัน ทำได้โดยนำกลีบดอกอัญชันมาบดในน้ำเล็กน้อย กรองผ่านผ้าขาวบาง บีบน้ำออกได้สีน้ำเงิน ถ้าต้องการสีม่วงให้เติมมะนาวลงไปเล็กน้อย

เมล็ด

ใช้เป็นยาระบาย แต่มักจะทำให้มีอาการคลื่นไส้ อาเจียน

ราก

 

มีรสขม ใช้เป็นยาขับปัสวะและใช้เป็นยาระบาย

 สารสำคัญ

 

ชนิดที่กลีบดอกสีน้ำเงิน จะมีสารพวก Anthocyanin ซึ่งมีคุณสมบัติเป็นตัวบ่งชี้ทางสารเคมี (indicator) เช่นเดียวกับลิตมัส (litmus) ในสภาวะที่เป็นกรดจะมีสีออกไปทางสีแดง ในด่างจะออกสีน้ำเงิน

 

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comments

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